The following points highlight the 3 modes of gene transfer and recombination that is genetic germs. The modes are: 1. Transformation 2. Transduction 3. Bacterial Conjugation.
Mode no. 1. Change:
Historically, the finding of change in germs preceded one other two modes of gene transfer. The experiments carried out by Frederick Griffith in 1928 suggested when it comes to time that is first a gene-controlled character, viz. Development of capsule in pneumococci, might be utilized in a non-capsulated number of these germs. The transformation experiments with pneumococci fundamentally resulted in a similarly significant breakthrough that genes are constructed with DNA.
Within these experiments, Griffith utilized two strains of pneumococci (Streptococcus pneumoniae): one having a polysaccharide capsule creating ‘smooth’ colonies (S-type) on agar dishes that was pathogenic. (more…)